Nevada has recently seen more suicides in youth under the age of 18. Last year, there were 27 of these deaths, compared to 15 the year before. KUNR’s Karina Gonzalez examined this growing problem and recent prevention efforts.
Suicide is the second-leading cause of death for young Nevadans between the ages of 10 and 24.
Misty Vaughan Allen is the suicide prevention coordinator for the state. She says it’s still too soon to tell what might be causing more young people to take their lives.
“There's never a single issue and for youth suicide - the reasons people might have thoughts or make an attempt are extremely complex,” said Vaughan Allen. “From family environment to school environment, to the community climate and everything happening in our culture right now could be impacting their risk factors.”
In Washoe County, more than a third of high school students report feeling sad or hopeless, according to the 2017 Nevada Youth Risk Behavior Survey, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the University of Nevada, Reno.
One way the Washoe County School District is addressing this issue is by mandating what’s known as the Signs of Suicide (SOS) Prevention Program for seventh graders.
Vaughan Allen says seventh grade is a crucial transition point, especially because of the recent increase in middle school suicide attempts.
“A lot of support can be given by recognizing early on, that early identification when the youth is having challenges, and reaching out and offering support,” said Vaughan Allen. “We don't have to wait until that crisis begins, and far too often we are missing those invitations for help until the crisis.”
Nathan Holland is the SOS Prevention Program coordinator in Washoe, organized by The Children’s Cabinet.
“Depression and suicide, we've seen it in, you know, low economic Hispanic children. We've seen it in high economic white kids. So, it goes across all borders for the most part,” said Holland.
The program is funded by the Washoe County Health District and consists of two parts: First, students must go through mandatory video education, and then through a screening process that requires parental consent. It consists of seven questions related to the student’s emotions and behaviors.
Holland explained that once students go through the screening, they are placed into low, moderate and high-risk categories. Each category has a different response for follow-up care.
Along with SOS, the state has implemented a program called SafeVoice. Students are able to report bullying, threats of violence, risk of suicide and more, via a website, hotline or app.
Outside of these efforts, work is being done with younger kids to help them get active, which is linked to combatting depression.
Haley Frisella is a student at the University of Nevada, Reno who interns for the Mindful Health Initiative, a nonprofit that supports the wellbeing of at-risk youth through mindful, physical activities. She and other student interns help coach soccer for a group of about 20 students at Glenn Duncan Elementary School.
“A lot of them don’t get to play sports outside of this, and so then by them being active, they’re able to release a lot of those things that I think they build up," Frisella said.
One fifth grade student, Mariana Moreno, said that being part of this soccer team helped boost her confidence.
“It’s like coming home and saying you’re on a team and you’re, like, really happy inside,” said Moreno. “And then, you come home winning and you feel like I’m better than I was before and stuff. You feel like more confident in yourself."
Jessie Koltz is a counseling Ph.D. student at the University of Nevada, Reno, and runs the Mindful Health Initiative with her team of interns.
“I've worked with students that don't have the means to provide after school activities, go and be a part of other things in the community,” said Koltz. “I saw the need for more physical activity. There's a lot of schools that don't offer P.E., [and] don't offer art programs like what I was exposed to growing up.”
Jessie Koltz started the Mindful Health Initiative last year, and has been working with K-12 students to practice being in control of their emotions.
Misty Vaughan Allen echoed the importance of mindfulness and physical activities.
“Nutrition, exercise and sleep are really crucial that we can work on immediately, but also mindfulness and meditation - finding those healthy people in your life to communicate with face-to-face is really important too,” said Vaughan Allen. “So, it's building that list of activities when you are starting to feel depressed or anxious."
Koltz said she has seen students benefit from the before and after-school programs.
“I think it's just important for them to know that they're not alone," said Koltz. "Even though they might feel it, you know, in their immediate family or whatever may be going on - maybe in their school setting, in the classroom, or maybe they're being bullied or isolated - just having them come to a place that's safe.”
At the state level, lawmakers have introduced legislation meant to increase access to mental health services. Those measures include Senate Bill 89, which looks to improve school safety by ensuring students have access to mental health resources, and Assembly Bill 66, which would increase state funding for emergency mental health facilities in Washoe and Clark Counties. The measures are still under consideration.
If you or someone you know may be considering suicide, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 (En Español: 1-888-628-9454; Deaf and Hard of Hearing: 1-800-799-4889) or the Crisis Text Line by texting HOME to 741741.
Karina Gonzalez is a senior at the Reynolds School of Journalism and works for Noticiero Móvil, a Spanish-English multimedia news outlet for Northern Nevada.
In a previous version of this story, we published a statement that Nevada has the “third-highest youth suicide rate in the county, according to a local health assessment.” After speaking to local health experts, we have found that statement to be inaccurate and have removed it from this story. The information was originally published in the 2015-2017 Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) report by Renown Health and the Washoe County Health District in the Agency Leader Perceptions section. For up-to-date national youth suicide data, visit the CDC’s WISQARS data.